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Weekly Security and Climate Change Risk Related News Review and Analysis

    3rd week of  May

During the period under review, the following security and climate change risk, related news and events were reported and analyzed by Goro Initiative (G.I.).

Mali violence: Nigerian peacekeeper killed in Timbuktu

A Nigerian UN peacekeeper has been killed and another injured by unidentified assailants in Timbuktu, in northern Mali, the UN says.

 

Armed bandits kill 17 in three Zamfara villages.

Suspected armed bandits  killed at least 17 people in attacks on three Zamfara villages in Birnin Magaji local government area of Zamfara state, Daily Trust

 

Boko Haram attacks Borno community, cart away food, provisions

Boko Haram insurgents on Saturday evening stormed Lassa in Askira-Uba Local Government Area of Borno state, razing down houses and shops and carting away huge quantities of food items and other provisions.

Army arrests 49 suspected kidnappers in Taraba

The Nigerian Army has arrested 49 suspected kidnappers at Kashimbila forest in Takum local government area of Taraba state.

 

Katsina: Residents of Batsari villages flee to council headquarters after bandits’ attacks

Residents of Yashure and Dan Giza villages of Batsari local government area of Katsina state have fled to the headquarters of the council after last weekend attacks on their communities by armed bandits.

 

Mob Kills Two in Kaduna over False Abduction Alarm

Two people were killed on Monday in Kaduna by angry mob following a false alarm that they were kidnappers. The incident happened at the Kawo overhead bridge Kaduna

 

Gunmen Raid Church In Kaduna During Choir Rehearsal, Kill 1, Abduct 17 Others

At least one person was killed and 17 others abducted when gunmen struck some communities in Kaduna State on Sunday. The villages affected are Dankande and Dogon Dawa in Birnin Gwari local government area and Guguwa-Kwate village and Rigasa area in Igabi local government area of the state.

 

Katsina buries 18 farmers killed by bandits

Residents of Katsina State, on Thursday , buried the remains of 18 persons killed by bandits in Yargamji village of Batsari Local Government Area of the state.

 

Boko Haram: 2,295 teachers killed, 19,000 displaced in Borno, others – Minister

Over 2,295 teachers have been killed and 19,000 displaced in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa in nine years, Minister of Education, Mallam Adamu Adamu, has said.

The minister said 1,500 schools have been destroyed by Boko Haram since 2014

Many feared killed as bandits attack three local govts in Katsina

Many persons were feared killed as armed bandits attacked several communities in Dan Musa, Faskari and Batsari local governments areas of Katsina state. Multiple sources told our reporter that the bandits attacked the places while riding on motorcycles, killing several unsuspecting persons in the process.

 

Boko Haram attacks Nigerian Army base, leaves soldiers killed, wounded, missing

Insurgents in Nigeria’s north-east have attacked yet another military base in Borno State, killing, wounding and displacing soldiers..Soldiers were able to repel most of the Boko Haram attackers

Military evacuates another Borno community

The military has commenced the evacuation of the residents of Sabon gari in Damboa Local Government Area of Borno State to Internally Displaced Persons, IDPs, camps in Damboa. Sabon gari is 34 kilometres from Damboa on the 100-kilometre Damboa-Biu road.

 

Assessing The Potential Impacts Of A US-Iran War On Nigeria

With US-Iranian confrontation seemingly spinning closer to all-out war, Nigeria’s current administration and the national security establishment, are worried about the potential fallout of a US-Iran war on national and regional stability and security.

 

Returning from the Land of Jihad: The Fate of Women Associated with Boko Haram

The Nigerian military battle with Boko Haram has led tens of thousands of women formerly associated with the group to return to government-held towns across the north east. While prejudice against them has waned, many women remain ostracised and exposed to abuse.

 

Assessing Nigeria’s Vulnerability To Extreme Weather Events

Nigeria’s recent heatwave saw temperatures climb beyond 40 degrees Celsius in coastal areas, while in more arid areas of the North, temperatures of 45 degrees Celsius were recorded, between March and May.

Nigeria’s preparedness for dealing with the effects of climate change and minimising the damage caused by extreme weather even

Can the Great Green Wall Combat Desertification, Deteriorating Rural Economy and Improve Security In Northern Nigeria

The Great Green Wall programme involves the establishment of a greenbelt covering 1500 km from Arewa Dandi Local Government Area in Kebbi State to Abadam Local Government Area in Borno State. About 60 million drought resistant tree seedlings are expected to be planted in 38 communities using a flexible mosaic greenland concept.

Analysis

I. Rural armed banditry and violence remains a major concern and threat in the North Western Nigeria despite ongoing military operations Sharan Daji and Diran Mikiya alongside law enforcement operation Puff Adder.

This week, Waves of violence swept Kaduna, Katsina and Zamfara leading to many casualties. This reinforces the nature of violence in the North with each incident having distinct underlying factors and similar enablers of violence such as small arms proliferation and the use of forest areas as harbour.  In Kaduna, the mob justice that resulted in the killing of two individuals following allegations that they were kidnappers, indicates a growing lack of confidence and trust in legitimate channels responsible for processing criminal justice.

Insecurity in some parts of the region is driving forced displacement in affected communities as locals flee violence to areas with relative peace. Food security and deteriorating livelihoods are a growing concern as farmers are unable to visit their farms in affected communities to plant crops for household use and sell in community markets for means of sustenance income.

II. Within the week in review, Lassa in Askira-Uba Local Government Area and Gubio local government areas of Borno State were attacked while Sabon Gari residents in Damboa were evacuated. These attacks highlight the existing threat to civilians and impact of the conflict on their lives. According to information made available by the minister of education, in 9 years, The violence in States worse affected by Boko Haram led to the killings of over 2,295 teachers with 19,000 displaced in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa.

III. Crisis Group report “Returning from the Land of Jihad: The Fate of Women Associated with Boko Haram”.

Highlights  the challenges  of female returnees  from Boko Haram face in Nigeria’s internally displaced persons IDP camps,  and expectations of these women on what the state should provide them .

The report indicates  conditions have improved but women returning from Boko Haram are still vulnerable to sexual abuse, economic hardship & social stigma. Raising concern on risk of flawed reintegration pushing women to return to the insurgents and fuelling the conflict.

The report advice the Nigerian government to better protect women returnees from sexual and other abuse; provide  them and communities greater say in their resettlement; avoid aid that targets only Boko Haram-linked women and provokes social discord; and increase funding for the north east’s development, particularly for the education critical to its recovery

IV. Conflict Studies And Analysis Project at the Global Initiative For Civil Stabilization, paper ” Assessing Nigeria’s Vulnerability To Extreme Weather Events” highlights the multidimensional impact of climate change, including health risks such as heatstroke, effect of erratic weather on crop production and security related risks which have contributed to violence between pastoralists and farmers, as well as an increase in migration from conflict ridden rural areas.

The paper included assessment of climate change response measures the Nigerian government has put in place to protect the population particularly climate related disaster preparedness and adaptation.  Nigeria committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% relative to a business-as-usual scenario of economic and emissions growth by 2030, and to pursue a 45% reduction if sufficient international support is received.

– G.I article on great green wall(GGW),  Highlights the importance of GGW project to combat desertification, restored degraded lands, improve rural livelihoods and  reduce rural migration.

V. Nigerian UN peacekeeper serving with United Nations’ Integrated Stabilization Mission for Mali (MINUSMA) killed in Timbuktu, Northern Mali.

The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (Minusma) ends on 30 June 2019. The UN Security Council will likely extend the mission amidst growing concern over attacks on peacekeepers in Mali as result of the difficult and hostile environment they’re operating in, and the need to expand the mandate of Minusma to effectively contribute to Mali’s stabilisation and increase the scope of mission in central Mali.

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