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Weekly security and climate change risk related news review and analysis/SITREP

1st week of June SITREP

During the period under review, the following security and climate change risk, related news and events were reported and analyzed by Goro Initiative (G.I.).

Boko Haram slaughters worshipper at Borno Mosque
Armed Boko Haram insurgents stormed a mosque at Sajeri, near Ngomari at the outskirts of Maiduguri, slaughtering a worshipper.
B/Haram: Buhari hosts Lake Chad security summit June 12
President Muhammadu Buhari will host leaders of the Lake Chad Basin Commission to an informal summit on the side lines of Democracy Day and second term inauguration celebrations on June 12, 2019, in Abuja.

Boko Haram attacks military bases in Nigeria, steal arms: sources.

Boko Haram jihadists have carried out multiple attacks on military bases in northeast Nigeria’s Borno state, overrunning three of them and stealing weapons, security sources said Monday.

NAF destroys terrorists’ structures, logistics facilities in Borno

The Nigerian Air Force (NAF) says its Air Task Force (ATF) of Operation Lafiya Dole, has destroyed terrorists’ structures and logistics facilities at Tumbun Kaiyowa in Northern Borno.

Boko Haram captures Borno town
Boko Haram, on Sunday, captured Marte, headquarters of Marte Local Government Area of Borno State, dependable sources confirmed to Daily Trust in Maiduguri.

MNJTF kills 20 ISWAP members, destroys gun trucks, ammunition
Troops of the Multinational Joint Task Force on Monday neutralised 20 terrorists in the ongoing offensive operations to clear Islamic State terrorists from the Lake Chad Area.

Excitement in Madagali as soldiers seize two Boko Haram gun trucks
Residents of Gulak, the headquarters of Madagali Local Government Area became overjoyed on Wednesday when soldiers returned with two gun trucks reportedly seized from Boko Haram fighters during an encounter.

COAS to troops: We must be ahead of ISWAP, banditry, other crimes
The Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Lt. Gen. Tukur Buratai, has charged the troops to sustain their doggedness and resilience by ensuring to be ahead of all forms of insurgency, banditry, kidnapping, and other security threats facing the country.

Bandits attack governor’s convoy
Suspected bandits on Sunday opened fire on the motorcade of the Zamfara governor, Bello Matawalle, who was on his way to condole with victims of a previous attack on a community in Gusau Local Government,

Bandits Invaded Niger State From Kaduna, Zamfara But We Repelled Them —Commissioner Of Police
Recently, after the declaration of war on armed bandits in Zamfara State by the Federal Government and the Armed Forces, there was the influx of some criminal elements into parts of the state that shared border with Kaduna State like Shiroro, Munya and Rafi local government areas.

16 persons killed by bandits in Zamfara on Sallah day
Bandits were said to have allegedly killed 16 persons in Kanoma District of Maru Local Government Area of Zamfara on Sallah day.

Police arrest 38 suspects for arms smuggling, kidnapping, armed robbery
The Nigeria Police Force (NPF) on Monday said Operatives of the Intelligence Response Unit (IRT), Special Tactical Squad (STS), Police Mobile Force, Counter Terrorism Unit and the Special Forces attached to Operation Puff Adder have dismantled a four-man international arms-smuggling syndicate

NPS raises alarm as herdsmen clash with farmers, loggers nationwide
Conflicts between park staff and herdsmen, loggers and farmers in and around the park as a result of lack of designated cattle routes and functional grazing reserves deserve the immediate attention of government.

We’re also victims of crime, we’ve lost 2m cows to rustling, says Miyetti Allah
Baba Usman, national secretary of Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria, says the herders are also on the receiving end of insecurity in the country.

Boundary communities pushing Jos to warpath
Boundary communities in Jos-north Local Government Area of Plateau State are becoming the most notorious flash points for sectarian crisis in the city.

12 killed in Taraba villages
No fewer than 12 people were said to have been killed in fresh crises at Tsondi and Ayu in Wukari Local Government Area of Taraba State at the weekend.
Read more:
Tiv/Jukun crisis spreads to two more councils in Taraba
The unending Tiv/Jukun crisis in Taraba state has now spread to Donga and Takum local government areas as several Tiv communities came under attack by suspected militia

We arrested 2,175 kidnapping suspects, others in two months – IG
The Inspector-General of Police, Mohammed Adamu, on Wednesday gave an update on the Operation Puff Adder, which is aimed at tackling kidnapping and banditry nationwide, saying the police had arrested 2,175 suspects since April 5.

More Than 7,000 Nigerians Killed Under Buhari In Last One Year -Report
Violent activities in Nigeria have resulted in the death of 7,253 Nigerians between June 2018 and May 2019

Presidential panel okays state police, SERAP, CACOL seek NASS action
The panel, which was chaired by the Executive Secretary of the NHRC, Mr Tony Ojukwu, had in conjunction with the commission, investigated allegations of human rights violations by SARS.

Buhari meets governors, security chiefs over insecurity, State Police

President Muhammadu Buhari met behind closed doors with state governors and heads of security agencies at the Presidential Villa, Abuja. The meeting, it was learnt, was in connection with the prevailing security situation, among other issues besetting the country .

ANALYSIS.

Northeast: Lake Chad Conflict
Jamā’at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da’wah wa’l-Jihād commonly known as Boko Haram and Islamic State in West Africa (ISWAP) which began an insurgency in Nigeria in 2009 that has spread across the border into Niger, Chad and Cameroon. The groups are blamed for attacks in the Lake Chad region targeting security forces and civilians, according to the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED)a conflict analysis and crisis mapping project, in 2019, more Boko Haram’s violent activities are occurring outside of Nigeria.

Troops and combat aircraft of Nigerian operation lafiya dole and Multinational Joint task force (MNJTF) have continued to conduct offensive activities to degrade both groups and protect civilians. Under the ongoing MNJTF Op Yancin Tafki, troops and equipment of lake chad basin commission member states work closely to dominate the hinterlands and Tumbuns.
 Nigerian President is expected to host Lake Chad security summit on June 12. The summit follows meeting with his Chadian counterpart President Idris Deby of Chad Republic in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, where both leaders attended the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OIC. The leaders agreed to develop strategies to sustained operation and mitigate challenge posed by the rainy season to military operations. Rainy season in recent years has led to setbacks due to effect of muddy terrain, replenishing of wetlands, flowing rivers and thick vegetation.

Northwest: Rural banditry and violence
Since April 2019, the renewed violence in northwestern Nigeria has forced nearly 20,000 people to seek refuge in Maradi,Niger, republic according to the United Nations.

Law enforcement and military operations Sharan Daji, Puff adder and exercise Harbin kunama III have continued to record success with the arrest of suspected bandits and recovery of arms.

Small and Lights arms proliferation remains a major contributing factor to Conflicts & Violent crimes in Nigeria. Proliferation is enabled by local fabrication of firearms, weak border security and porous borders which allows for smuggling of weapons from other parts of sahel and west Africa.
Multisectoral and Holistic approach to rural banditry is necessary to solve the numerous underlying factors and ensure lasting peace .
Crime prevention, detection and response.
Given the multiplicity of factors responsible for the country’s security crisis including; ungoverned spaces, underdevelopment, illiteracy, arms proliferation, drug abuse, rising unemployment and economic hardship.
Developmental and social security approach to crime prevention is important particularly in low income and rural communities to break intergenerational cycle of poverty, poor living standard and reduce vulnerabilities. Mechanisms for dialogue and justice are needed to avoid Pastoralists and farmers violence in 2019 while long term grazing solution is implemented

This is why it is important for states to setup security advisory boards that can help resource police and also profile crimes within their domain in such a manner that combines law enforcement deployment with social economic, environmental and criminal justice interventions. Vocational schools, light industries and sports programs have the capacity reengage gangs and prevent crimes in neigbhorhoods.

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